SPSS Tutorials

BASICS REGRESSION T-TEST CHI-SQUARE TEST ANOVA

Overview All SPSS Commands

The table below lists all SPSS commands and the additional licenses -if any- you need for using them.

This overview is based on SPSS version 22 but we hope to soon update it for version 24.

Consult the notes section for some tips on using the table or downloading it as an SPSS (.sav) data file.

Overview

NameTypeOptionIntroducedNotes
2SLSProcedureRegressionSPSS version 14
ACFProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
ADD DOCUMENTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerObsolete. Use DOCUMENT instead.
ADD FILESTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
ADD VALUE LABELSOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerAdd or edit value labels.
ADPProcedureData PreparationSPSS version 18
AGGREGATEProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerCreate dataset with summary statistics over cases.
AIMProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 14
ALSCALProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
ALTER TYPEProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 16Convert string variables to numeric variables to or reversely.
ANACORProcedureCategoriesSPSS version 12 or lower
ANOVAProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
APPLY DICTIONARYOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerCopy dictionary properties between files or variables.
AREGProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
ARIMAProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
AUTORECODEProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerConvert string variable into numeric variable with value labels.
BEGIN DATA-END DATAOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
BEGIN GPL-END GPLOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 14
BEGIN PROGRAM-END PROGRAMOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 14Indicates start of Python or R program block.
BOOTSTRAPTransformationBootstrappingSPSS version 18
BREAKTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
CACHETransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
CASEPLOTProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
CASESTOVARSProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerRestructure data: convert cases to variables.
CATPCAProcedureCategoriesSPSS version 12 or lower
CATREGProcedureCategoriesSPSS version 12 or lower
CCFProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
CDOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 13Set default directory. Affects all commands (including GET, SAVE, INSERT and SET CTEMPLATE) except SET TLOOK.
CLEAR TIME PROGRAMOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 16
CLEAR TRANSFORMATIONSOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
CLUSTERProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerHierarchical cluster analysis, often used in market segmentation.
CODEBOOKOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 17Similar to DISPLAY DICTIONARY.
COMMENTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerObsolete. Use an asterisk (*) for comments in syntax.
COMPARE DATASETSProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 21
COMPUTETransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
CONJOINTProcedureConjointSPSS version 12 or lower
CORRELATIONSProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerOnly Pearson correlations. Use NONPAR CORR for Spearman/Kendall correlations.
CORRESPONDENCEProcedureCategoriesSPSS version 12 or lower
COUNTTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerFor counting missing values over variables, use NMISS.
COXREGProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
CREATEProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerCreates lag/lead series, cumulative sums and more.
CROSSTABSProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
CSCOXREGProcedureComplex SamplesSPSS version 16
CSDESCRIPTIVESProcedureComplex SamplesSPSS version 12 or lower
CSGLMProcedureComplex SamplesSPSS version 13
CSLOGISTICProcedureComplex SamplesSPSS version 13
CSORDINALProcedureComplex SamplesSPSS version 15
CSPLANOtherComplex SamplesSPSS version 12 or lower
CSSELECTProcedureComplex SamplesSPSS version 12 or lower
CSTABULATEProcedureComplex SamplesSPSS version 12 or lower
CTABLESProcedureCustom TablesSPSS version 12 or lower
CURVEFITProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
DATA LISTTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
DATAFILE ATTRIBUTEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 14
DATASET ACTIVATEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 14Choose which dataset is addressed by subsequent commands.
DATASET CLOSEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 14Close dataset (without saving).
DATASET COPYProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 14
DATASET DECLAREOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 14
DATASET DISPLAYOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 14
DATASET NAMEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 14Assign name to dataset by which it can be addressed. Allows working on multiple datasets simultaneously.
DATEProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
DEFINE-!ENDDEFINEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerDefine macro. Mostly deprecated since Python was introduced in SPSS version 14.
DELETE VARIABLESOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerPermanently delete one or more variables.
DESCRIPTIVESProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerDescriptive statistics over all cases. Also fastest way to create z-scores.
DETECTANOMALYProcedureData PreparationSPSS version 14
DISCRIMINANTProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
DISPLAYOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerDisplay parts of dictionary. Use SHOW for displaying settings.
DMCLUSTERProcedureDirect MarketingSPSS version 18
DMLOGISTICProcedureDirect MarketingSPSS version 18
DMROCProcedureDirect MarketingSPSS version 18
DMTABLESProcedureDirect MarketingSPSS version 18
DMTREEProcedureDirect MarketingSPSS version 18
DO IFTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerOnly acts upon transformations.
DO REPEATTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerOnly acts upon transformations.
DOCUMENTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerA DOCUMENT is a data file description that is saved as part of the dictionary.
DROP DOCUMENTSOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerSee DOCUMENT.
ECHOOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
END CASEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerOften used with INPUT PROGRAM and LOOP.
END FILEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerOften used with INPUT PROGRAM and LOOP.
ERASEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerDelete one or more external files. Use carefully.
EXAMINEProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
EXECUTEProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerDoes nothing except run pending transformations.
EXPORTProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
EXSMOOTHOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
EXTENSIONOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 16
FACTORProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerExploratory factor analysis (including PCA).
FILE HANDLEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
FILE LABELOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
FILE TYPE-END FILE TYPEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
FILTEROtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerExclude selection of cases from procedures.
FINISHOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
FITProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
FLIPProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerTransposes the active dataset.
FORMATSOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerSet formats for (mostly) numeric variables..
FREQUENCIESProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerFastest option for running histograms and bar charts.
GENLINProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 15
GENLINMIXEDProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 19CSR classifies command as "Advanced Models" instead of "Advanced Statistics".
GENLOGProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
GETOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerOpen SPSS data file.
GET CAPTUREOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerDeprecated. Use GET DATA instead.
GET DATAOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerOpen non SPSS data file (including Excel).
GET SASOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
GET STATAOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 14
GET TRANSLATEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
GETCOGNOSProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 21
GGRAPHProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 14
GLMProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lowerGeneral Linear Model.
GLM: MultivariateProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
GLM: Repeated MeasuresProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lowerUsed for repeated measures ANOVA.
GLM: UnivariateProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
GRAPHProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
HILOGLINEARProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
HOMALSProcedureCategoriesSPSS version 12 or lower
HOSTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 13
IFTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerConditional COMPUTE command.
IGRAPHProcedureStatistics BaseDon't useDeprecated since version 18. Will be removed from SPSS.
IMPORTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
INCLUDEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerRun external syntax file. Deprecated as predecessor of INSERT.
INFOOtherStatistics BaseDon't useObsolete and no longer supported
INPUT PROGRAMTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerSimulate large/complex data. Often used with LOOP.
INSERTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 13Run external syntax file. Successor of (now deprecated INCLUDE).
KEYED DATA LISTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
KMProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
KNNProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 17
LEAVETransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
LINEARProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 19
LISTProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
LOGISTIC REGRESSIONProcedureRegressionSPSS version 12 or lower
LOGLINEARProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lowerOnly available in syntax.
LOOPTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerActs only on transformations.
MANOVAProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lowerOnly available in syntax.
MANOVA: MultivariateProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
MANOVA: Repeated MeasuresProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
MANOVA: UnivariateProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
MAPSProcedureStatistics BaseDon't useRemoved from SPSS and CSR
MATCH FILESTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerMerge files with similar cases, different variables.
MATRIX DATAOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
MATRIX-END MATRIXOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
MCONVERTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
MEANSProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
MISSING VALUESOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerSpecify missing values for one or many variables.
MIXEDProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
MLPProcedureNeural NetworksSPSS version 16
MODEL CLOSEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 13
MODEL HANDLEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 13
MODEL LISTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 13
MODEL NAMEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
MRSETSOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
MULT RESPONSEProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
MULTIPLE CORRESPONDENCEProcedureCategoriesSPSS version 13
MULTIPLE IMPUTATIONProcedureMissing ValuesSPSS version 17
MVAProcedureMissing ValuesSPSS version 12 or lower
N OF CASESTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerObsolete. Use SELECT IF with $casenum instead.
NAIVEBAYESProcedureIBM SPSS Statistics ServerSPSS version 14Couldn't find this option on IBM website.
NEW FILEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
NLRProcedureRegressionSPSS version 12 or lower
NOMREGProcedureRegressionSPSS version 12 or lower
NONPAR CORRProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerSpearman and Kendall correlations.
NPAR TESTSProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerNon parametric significance tests.
NPTESTSProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 18Non parametric significance tests.
NUMERICOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerNumeric counterpart of STRING. Rarely (if ever) needed.
OLAP CUBESProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
OMSOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerStart monitoring, capturing or suppressing selected output.
OMSENDOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerStop monitoring/capturing/suppressing selected output and show/save captured output if any.
OMSINFOOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
OMSLOGOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
ONEWAYProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerOne-way ANOVA.
OPTIMAL BINNINGProcedureData PreparationSPSS version 15
ORTHOPLANOtherConjointSPSS version 12 or lower
OUTPUT ACTIVATEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 15Choose output window to which subsequent output should be appended.
OUTPUT CLOSEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 15Close output window (without saving).
OUTPUT DISPLAYOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 15
OUTPUT EXPORTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 17
OUTPUT MODIFYOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 22Modifies output items such as tables.
OUTPUT NAMEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 15Assign name to output window by which it can be addressed. Allows using multiple output windows simultaneously.
OUTPUT NEWOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 15
OUTPUT OPENOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 15
OUTPUT SAVEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 15
OVERALSProcedureCategoriesSPSS version 12 or lower
PACFProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
PARTIAL CORRProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
PERMISSIONSOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerSet file permissions (read-only).
PLANCARDSProcedureConjointSPSS version 12 or lower
PLSProcedurePLS Extension Command (free)SPSS version 16Requires SPSS Python Essentials
PLUMProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
POINTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
PPLOTProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
PREDICTTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
PREFSCALProcedureCategoriesSPSS version 14
PRESERVEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerRemember current settings. Enables to RESTORE them later.
PRINCALSProcedureCategoriesSPSS version 12 or lower
PRINTTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
PRINT EJECTTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
PRINT FORMATSOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
PRINT SPACETransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
PROBITProcedureRegressionSPSS version 12 or lower
PROCEDURE OUTPUTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
PROXIMITIESProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
PROXSCALProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
QUICK CLUSTERProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerK-Means Cluster Analysis, often used for market segmentation.
RANKProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
RATIO STATISTICSProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
RBFProcedureNeural NetworksSPSS version 16
READ MODELOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
RECODETransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
RECORD TYPEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
REFORMATOtherStatistics BaseDon't useCommand no longer supported.
REGRESSIONProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
RELIABILITYProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
RENAME VARIABLESOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerChange variable names.
REPEATING DATAOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
REPORTProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
REPOSITORY ATTRIBUTESOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 16Command name used to be PER ATTRIBUTES until SPSS version 18.
REPOSITORY CONNECTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 15Command name used to be PER CONNECT until SPSS version 18.
REPOSITORY COPYOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 16Command name used to be PER COPY until SPSS version 18.
REREADOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
RESPONSE RATEProcedureDirect MarketingSPSS version 18
RESTOREOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerUsed with PRESERVE.
RMVProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
ROCProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
SAMPLETransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
SAVEProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerSave data as SPSS data (.sav) file.
SAVE DATA COLLECTIONProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 15Command name used to be SAVE DIMENSIONS until SPSS version 18. Only available on Windows OS.
SAVE MODELOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
SAVE TRANSLATEProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerSave data as non SPSS file (including Excel).
SCRIPTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerDeprecated since Python was introduced in SPSS version 14.
SEASONProcedureForecastingSPSS version 12 or lower
SELECT IFTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerCan be used with LOOP, DO REPEAT, TEMPORARY and DO IF.
SELECTPREDProcedureStatistics ServerSPSS version 14
SETOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerEdit one or more settings except CD. Use SHOW for displaying settings.
SHIFT VALUESProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 17
SHOWOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerShow one or more settings. Use SET for editing settings. Use DISPLAY for showing dictionary information.
SIMPLANProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 21
SIMPREP BEGIN-SIMPREP ENDProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 21
SIMRUNOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 21
SORT CASESProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
SORT VARIABLESProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 16Does not read data if no transformations are pending
SPCHARTProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
SPECTRAProcedureForecastingSPSS version 12 or lower
SPLIT FILEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerHave procedures process groups of cases separately.
STAR JOINProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 21
STRINGOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerCreate new string variable before setting its values with COMPUTE, IF or other command.
SUBTITLEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
SUMMARIZEProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
SURVIVALProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
SYSFILE INFOOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerDisplay dictionary information from external SPSS data file.
T-TESTProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
TABLESProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerNot mentioned in CSR. Some help available via F1 shortkey.
TDISPLAYOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
TEMPORARYTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
TIME PROGRAMTransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 14
TITLEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
TMS BEGINOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 15
TMS ENDOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 15
TMS IMPORTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 18
TMS MERGEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 15
TREEProcedureDecision TreesSPSS version 13
TSAPPLYProcedureForecastingSPSS version 14
TSETOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
TSHOWOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
TSMODELProcedureForecastingSPSS version 14
TSPLOTProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
TWOSTEP CLUSTERProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
UNIANOVAProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerUse GLM for repeated measures ANOVA.
UPDATETransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
USEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
VALIDATEDATAProcedureData PreparationSPSS version 14
VALUE LABELSOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerErase all value labels from one or more variables and/or specify new ones. For editing value labels, ADD VALUE LABELS is usually a better option.
VARCOMPProcedureAdvanced StatisticsSPSS version 12 or lower
VARIABLE ALIGNMENTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
VARIABLE ATTRIBUTEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 14
VARIABLE LABELSOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerAdd or edit description of variables.
VARIABLE LEVELOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerSets measurement levels for variables.
VARIABLE ROLEOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 18
VARIABLE WIDTHOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerSet display width (columns in variable view) for variable(s).
VARSTOCASESProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerRestructure data: convert variables to cases.
VECTOROtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerAllow variables to be addressed by index. Mainly used with LOOP.
VERIFYProcedureStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
WEIGHTOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerAssign weights to cases.
WLSProcedureRegressionSPSS version 12 or lower
WRITETransformationStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lowerFile is written after running subsequent procedure, possibly EXECUTE.
WRITE FORMATSOtherStatistics BaseSPSS version 12 or lower
XGRAPHProcedureStatistics baseSPSS version 13
XSAVETransformationStatistics baseSPSS version 12 or lowerCan be used with DO IF and LOOP.

Notes

For this table as an SPSS data (.sav) file, download overview_all_spss_commands.sav. For checking which commands you can and cannot use, first run show license. The result of doing so on our computer is shown in the screenshot below.

SPSS SHOW LICENSE

The table tells us we've SPSS version 22 installed with four modules. In SPSS, these are usually referred to as “options” but they somehow appear under “Component” in this table. If we look at the value labels of these options in variable view, we see that they've been coded as 1, 2, 6 and 14. This is shown by the screenshot below.

SPSS Overview Commands

This means that we can use any command that belongs to option 1, 2, 6 or 14 and was introduced in SPSS version 22 or earlier. We can easily delete all other commands by using SELECT IF with ANY as shown in the syntax below.

Delete Unavailable Commands from Overview

*1. Delete all commands that were introduced after version 22 or don't belong to options 1, 2, 6 or 14.

select if (any(option,1,2,6,14) and introduced <= 22).

*2. Run transformation and inspect result.

frequencies option.

Previous tutorial: SPSS Numeric Variables Basics

Next tutorial: Combine Categorical Variables

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