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SPSS Beginners Tutorials

SPSS Beginners Tutorials - Data Editor

Introduction to SPSS

SPSS – What Is It?

SPSS -officially IBM SPSS Statistics- is super easy software for editing and analyzing data.

This tutorial is a quick overview of what SPSS is mostly used for and how it basically works.


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SPSS Data Editor Window

SPSS’ main window is the data editor. It shows our data so we can visually inspect it.

This tutorial explains how the data editor works: we'll walk you through its main parts and point out some handy tips & tricks.


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SPSS Syntax Introduction

SPSS syntax is computer code used by SPSS for analyzing data, editing data, running statistical tests and more.

Using SPSS syntax is super easy and saves tons of time and effort. This tutorial quickly gets you started!


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SPSS Output – Basics, Tips & Tricks

SPSS’ output window shows the tables, charts and statistical tests you run while analyzing your data.

This tutorial walks you through some basics such as exporting tables and charts to WORD or Excel. We'll also point out some important tricks such as batch editing and styling tables and charts.


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Must-Know Statistics

Median – Simple Tutorial & Examples

The median is basically the value that separates the 50% lowest from the 50% highest values.

Example: a median income of $2,500 means that 50% of all people earn less and 50% earn more than that amount.


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Pearson Correlations – Quick Introduction

A Pearson correlation is a number between -1 and +1 that indicates how strongly two variables are linearly related.

This simple tutorial explains the basics in clear language with superb illustrations and examples.
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What is a Frequency Distribution?

A frequency distribution is a table listing each distinct value of some variable and the number of times it occurs in some dataset. This tutorial shows some examples of tables and charts for frequency distributions.


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SPSS - Popular Tutorials

SPSS Missing Values Tutorial

In SPSS, missing values are values that are absent from the data (system missing values) or values that are excluded from analyses and data editing (user missing values).

This tutorial shows how to detect, set and handle missing values in SPSS.
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SPSS Factor Analysis – Beginners Tutorial

Factor analysis tries to find groups of variables that are highly correlated. Such groups -known as factors- reflect underlying traits being measured.

This tutorial illustrates factor analysis with a simple step-by-step example in SPSS.
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SPSS Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test for Normality

The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test examines if a variable is normally distributed in some population. This is required for t-tests, ANOVA and many other tests.

This tutorial shows how to run and interpret the KS-test in SPSS with some simple examples.
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SPSS Variable Types and Formats

Understanding SPSS variable types and formats allows you to get things done fast and reliably. Getting a grip on types and formats is not hard. However, the way they've been implemented in SPSS is very, very confusing. This tutorial aims at taking away this confusion and putting the user back into control.


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Statistics - Essential Basics

Effect Size – A Quick Guide

Quick guide to which effect size you must use for which test and how to get it. Includes rules of thumb for small, medium and large effects.
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What Does “Statistical Significance” Mean?

Statistical significance is the probability of finding a given deviation from the null hypothesis -or a more extreme one- in a sample.


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Null Hypothesis – Simple Introduction

A null hypothesis is a precise statement about a population that we try to reject with sample data.


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Measurement Levels – What and Why?

Social sciences often use the concept of measurement levels: nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio. These imply which actions are (in)appropriate for different variables. They thus provide major guidelines for analyzing data.


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SPSS IF – A Quick Tutorial

In SPSS, IF is a conditional COMPUTE command. It calculates a (possibly new) variable but only for those cases that satisfy some condition(s). It's usually an easier alternative for DO IF-END IF.


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SPSS FILTER – Quick & Simple Tutorial

SPSS FILTER excludes a selection of cases from all subsequent analyses until you switch it off.

Using a filter comes down to creating a (new) filter variable and activating it. This tutorial shows the easy way to do so and points out some nice alternatives as well.


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SPSS FAQ

How to Convert String Variables into Numeric Ones?

Convert SPSS string variables into numeric ones the right way. Quickly master the trick with this step-by-step example with downloadable practice data.


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How to Compute Means in SPSS?

How to compute means in SPSS? This tutorial demonstrates simple but solid examples - with tips, tricks and pitfalls - for computing means over both variables and cases.


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