SPSS tutorials website header logo SPSS TUTORIALS BASICS ANOVA REGRESSION FACTOR CORRELATION

SPSS Blog – Topics by Month

Histogram for Running ANCOVA in SPSS

August 2021

SPSS – Merge Categories of Categorical Variable

Merging some categories of a categorical variable in SPSS is easy if you do it the right way. This tutorial demonstrates just that.
Read more...

Disaggregate Data

Sometimes, one may start a project with aggregated data, weighted by a frequency variable. In some cases, though, disaggregating such data (creating n rows for a row with frequency n) may be desired.
Read more...

SPSS Missing Values Functions

Most real world data contain some (or many) missing values. It's always a good idea to inspect the amount of missingness for avoiding unpleasant surprises later on. In order to do so, SPSS has some missing values functions. This tutorial demonstrates how to use them effectively.
Read more...

SPSS – Reorder Variables from Syntax

While working in SPSS, it's pretty common to reorder your variables. This tutorial shows how to do so the right way.
Read more...

July 2021

SPSS – Opening Data with Syntax

There's several ways to open SPSS data files. The right way, however, is by syntax. The way we typically do so in practice may differ somewhat from what you're used to. But give it a shot. It keeps things nicely organized and this eventually saves time and effort.
Read more...

March 2021

SPSS – Missing Values for String Variables

You can set missing values for string variables in SPSS but this doesn't work as it should. This tutorial walks you through some problems and fixes.


Read more...

December 2020

Quick Overview All SPSS Commands

Overview of all SPSS commands in a single Googlesheet. Includes

  • links to tutorials on commands;
  • command types;
  • required license;
  • SPSS versions;
  • basic purpose.

Read more...

SPSS – Open CSV Data File

Opening .csv data in SPSS is easy if you understand some basics. This tutorial (with downloadable .csv file) walks you through the right steps.
Read more...

SPSS Numeric Variables Basics

Having a basic understanding of SPSS numeric variables allows you to work fast and with a sense of confidence. This tutorial aims at accomplishing just that by pointing out some essential basics.
Read more...

Combine Categorical Variables

Many easy options have been proposed for combining the values of categorical variables in SPSS. However, the real information is usually in the value labels instead of the values. This tutorial proposes a simple trick for combining categorical variables and automatically applying correct value labels to the result.


Read more...

November 2020

SPSS – Combining Data with Syntax and Output

This tutorial outlines how to get work done efficiently by combining data, syntax and output. We'll then propose how to keep your SPSS project work organized efficiently in order to save time and effort.
Read more...

July 2020

SPSS 27 – Quick Review

On 19 June 2020, SPSS version 27 was released. Although it has some useful new features, most of these have been poorly implemented.

This review quickly walks you through the main improvements and their limitations.


Read more...

April 2020

SPSS – Shortening Long Variable Names

A common problem with SPSS data files are unlabeled variables with huge names. These make your data unmanageable and your output ugly. This tutorial shows an easy fix for the problem.
Read more...

SPSS – What’s the Best Way to Reverse Code Variables?

For reverse coding variables in SPSS, you must copy your variables, RECODE them and then adjust their value labels. Comparing the recoded variables with the copies ensures the results are correct. This tutorials quickly walks you through.
Read more...

October 2019

Computing Sums in SPSS – 3 Easy Options

In SPSS, "SUM(v1,v2)" is not always equivalent to "v1 + v2".

This tutorial explains the difference and shows how to make the right choice here.


Read more...

SPSS – Quick Overview Statistical Functions

SPSS statistical functions are mostly straightforward. This tutorial walks you through the main ones and points out some tips, tricks and pitfalls.


Read more...

SPSS Basic Operators

SPSS basic operators are mainly used with IF, DO IF and COMPUTE. They work mostly as you'd expect but they do have a couple of surprises in store. No worries, we'll walk you through.
Read more...

July 2019

SPSS ALTER TYPE Reporting Wrong Values?

SPSS version 24 seems to have a bug in the ALTER TYPE command: it reports different values than it actually creates. This tutorial replicates the problem.
Read more...

How to Compute Age in SPSS?

In some cases, one would like to calculate respondents' age given their birthday. As long as birthday is an actual date variable, age is readily calculated by using the DATEDIFF function.
Read more...

June 2019

SPSS – How to fix “Your license will expire in … days”?

If SPSS says that your license will expire in ... days, you can fix the issue by running law.exe and entering your authorization code into the wizard.
Read more...

SPSS 26 – Review of SPSS’ New Interface

We downloaded and tested SPSS 26’ new interface. We feel it's still very incomplete and much worse than the old interface in all respects.
Read more...

February 2019

SPSS Command Types

Get things done faster in SPSS by understanding its three basic command types: transformations, procedures and other SPSS commands.


Read more...

Compute A = B = C

A great way to dichotomize variables is with a single short compute command. This is also the fastest way to create multi variable filters.
Read more...

SPSS Keyboard Shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts allow you to work with amazing speed. Some SPSS shortkeys may be obvious for MS Windows users but others are less so. A quick overview is presented below.
Read more...

September 2018

SPSS – Foreign Currencies Tutorial

Using Euro signs or other foreign currencies in SPSS is pretty easy. This tutorial shows how it's done with some tips for creating pretier output.
Read more...

SPSS Main Numeric Functions

This tutorial explains and demonstrates SPSS' main numeric functions. Some tips and tricks will be included along the way.


Read more...

SPSS Keywords

Using SPSS keywords, especially TO and ALL greatly speeds up a myriad of typical tasks. This tutorial walks you through SPSS main keywords and points out how they can save time and effort.


Read more...

August 2018

SPSS Datasets Tutorial 1 – Basics

SPSS dataset logic is not always logical. However, for working proficiently with datasets, just a handful of basics is sufficient. These are explained in this tutorial.


Read more...

July 2018

Draw a Stratified Random Sample

“I have 5 groups of 10 cases in my data. How can I draw a stratified random sample from these cases? That is, from groups 1 through 5 I'd like to draw exactly 5, 4, 5, 6 and 3 cases at random. What's an efficient way to do this?”
Read more...

Sampling in SPSS – Quick Tutorial

How to draw one or many samples from your data in SPSS? This tutorial demonstrates some simple ways for doing so. We'll point out some tips, tricks and pitfalls along the way.


Read more...

Survey Sampling – Quick & Simple Introduction

Survey sampling: short introduction to main steps and concepts such as the target population, sampling frame and non response.


Read more...

June 2018

Include Empty Categories in Output

Categories that are absent in your data don't show up in your output. However, you may want to include them with zero frequencies. This tutorial demonstrates how to accomplish just that.
Read more...

SPSS Syntax – Six Reasons you Should Use it

Most of us start working with SPSS from its point-click menu. Doing so without pasting and saving all syntax may seem obvious at first but often turns out to be a pitfall. Using SPSS syntax may seem a bit difficult at first but often turns out to save tons of time and effort in the end. This tutorial explains why.
Read more...

Five Reasons for Not Relying on the Journal File

Some users argue that it's not really necessary to work from syntax. If something goes wrong or a client doesn't believe your results, you can always recover what you did from your journal file. However, the journal file is no reasonable substitute for syntax. This tutorial explains why.
Read more...

Set Decimals for Output

Setting the decimal places for output is not straightforward. One can exert some control by altering the variable formats. However, for full control, one needs Python Scripting or SaxBasic.
Read more...

May 2018

SPSS Toolbar Tool Building

A previous tutorial covered assembling your own toolbar. This will become even more interesting if you add your own toolbar tools to it. This tutorial quickly walks you through and suggests some best practices.
Read more...

SPSS Toolbar Building

Toolbars can be very useful in SPSS. They allow users to do a lot of stuff with a single mouse click. However, some users may feel there's some limitations to their default configuration. An ideal way to get around these is to assemble your own toolbar.
Read more...

SPSS Syntax Beginners Tutorial

Getting started with SPSS syntax can be fast and effortless if you learn just a handful of basics. This tutorial walks you through some tips and tricks.
Read more...

SPSS – Splitting a String Variable

SPSS data files may contain a single string variable holding several data points. This tutorial shows a simple but solid approach to splitting such a string variable into new variables. We'll use just plain syntax - no Python today!
Read more...

Tell us what you think!

*Required field. Your comment will show up after approval from a moderator.

THIS TUTORIAL HAS 4 COMMENTS: