SPSS independent samples t-test examines of 2 populations have equal means on some variable.

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An independent samples t-test examines if 2 populations have equal means on some variable. This simple tutorial quickly walks you through in normal language with superb illustrations.

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Simple tutorial & example on running and interpreting a paired samples t-test in SPSS. Includes practice data, assumptions and effect size Cohen's D.

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Simple tutorial on the one-sample t-test including null hypothesis, formulas, significance, effect size, confidence intervals & APA reporting guidelines.

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SPSS one-sample t-test is used for testing whether the mean of one metric variable is equal to some hypothesized population value.

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Z-scores are linearly transformed data values having a mean of zero and a standard deviation of 1. Z-scores may or may not be normally distributed.

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Variables are dichotomous if they have precisely two distinct values such as sex or being married. They are analyzed differently from other variables.

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## THIS TUTORIAL HAS 10 COMMENTS:

## By Umesh Chandra on April 24th, 2018

Hi, interested to learn SpSS software quickly.

Kind regards

## By Abdurrahman Abdulwahab on May 3rd, 2018

I'll be so much glad if I can learn SPSS in a very short period of time - I'm so much in need of it urgently for career upkeep

## By Kimlang Yen on July 15th, 2018

It is a very good one

## By Adetayo Akintunde on August 23rd, 2018

I need SPSS training and the software. Thanks..

## By NISHANT on January 17th, 2019

Interested to learn SPSS!